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CCNP思科认证网络高级工程师 CCNP

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认证概述

路由和交换认证帮助甄别网络工程师对本地局域网及广域网的设计,实施,验证,故障排 除及与其他网络专家合作关于先进的网络安全、语音、无线及视频解决方案时必备的能力。对于那些 至少有一年网络工作经验,并准备提升复杂网络解决方案相关技能和独立工作能力的人来说,CCNP路 由和交换认证十分合适。

获得CCNP路由和交换认证的考生,证明了他们具备网络工程师,网络支持工程师,系统工 程师或网络技术员等企业职位所需的技能。此认证中的路由和交换协议知识将为您提供一个持久的适 应于当今物理网络和未来虚拟化网络的知识基础。

考试项目:实施Cisco IP 路由(300-101)

考试说明:实施Cisco IP 路由(ROUTE 300-101)是获得思科CCNP和CCDP认证需要通过的一项考试。考试 时间为120分钟,包括50-60道考题。ROUTE 300-101考试证明通过的考生具备网络路由的知识和相关技 能。他们有能力使用先进的IP寻址技术和路由技术实施可扩展的、高安全性的思科路由与局域网,广 域网及IPv6的连接。 
本考试还涵盖了为支持企业分支办公网络和移动网络工作环境配置高安全性路由解决方案。
以下是实施Cisco IP 路由(ROUTE 300-101)考试的主要内容和考点。然而,在考试的特定版本中也可 能出现其他相关的考点。为了更好地反映考试内容并明确考试目的,下面的考试大纲可能在不发出通 知的情况下随时调整。

章节目录 课程目录
第一章

Network Principles

  • 1.1  Identify Cisco Express Forwarding concepts
  • 1.1.a FIB
  • 1.1.b Adjacency table

  • 1.2   Explain general network challenges
  • 1.2.a Unicast
  • 1.2.b Out-of-order packets
  • 1.2.c Asymmetric routing

  • 1.3  Describe IP operations
  • 1.3.a ICMP Unreachable and Redirects
  • 1.3.b IPv4 and IPv6 fragmentation
  • 1.3.c TTL

  • 1.4   Explain TCP operations
  • 1.4.a IPv4 and IPv6 (P)MTU
  • 1.4.b MSS
  • 1.4.c Latency
  • 1.4.d Windowing
  • 1.4.e Bandwidth-delay product
  • 1.4.f Global synchronization

  • 1.5   Describe UDP operations
  • 1.5.a Starvation
  • 1.5.b Latency

  • 1.6   Recognize proposed changes to the network
  • 1.6.a Changes to routing protocol parameters
  • 1.6.b Migrate parts of the network to IPv6
  • 1.6.c Routing protocol migration
第二章

Layer 2 Technologies

  • 2.1   Configure and verify PPP
  • 2.1.a Authentication (PAP, CHAP)
  • 2.1.b PPPoE (client side only)
  • 2.2   Explain Frame Relay
  • 2.2.a Operations
  • 2.2.bPoint-to-point
  • 2.2.c Multipoint
第三章

Layer 3 Technologies

  • 3.1    Identify, configure, and verify IPv4 addressing and subnetting
  • 3.1.a Address types (Unicast, broadcast, multicast, and VLSM)
  • 3.1.b ARP
  • 3.1.c DHCP relay and server
  • 3.1.d DHCP protocol operations
  • 1.2.b Out-of-order packets
  • 1.2.c Asymmetric routing

  • 3.2   Identify IPv6 addressing and subnetting
  • 3.2.a Unicast
  • 3.2.b EUI-64
  • 3.2.c ND, RS/RA
  • 3.2.d Autoconfig (SLAAC)
  • 3.2.e DHCP relay and server
  • 3.2.f DHCP protocol operations

  • 3.3   Configure and verify static routingM

  • 3.4   Configure and verify default routing

  • 3.5   Evaluate routing protocol types
  • 3.5.a Distance vector
  • 3.5.b Link state
  • 3.5.c Path vector

  • 3.6   Describe administrative distance

  • 3.7   Troubleshoot passive interfaces

  • 3.8   Configure and verify VRF lite

  • 3.9   Configure and verify filtering with any protocol

  • 3.10   Configure and verify redistribution between any routing protocols or routing sources
  • 3.11   Configure and verify manual and autosummarization with any routing protocol

  • 3.12   Configure and verify policy-based routing

  • 3.13   Identify suboptimal routing

  • 3.14   Explain ROUTE maps

  • 3.15   Configure and verify loop prevention mechanisms
  • 3.15.a Route tagging and filtering
  • 3.15.b Split-horizon
  • 3.15.c Route poisoning

  • 3.16   Configure and verify RIPv2

  • 3.17   Describe RIPng

  • 3.18   Describe EIGRP packet types

  • 3.19   Configure and verify EIGRP neighbor relationship and authentication

  • 3.20   Configure and verify EIGRP stubs

  • 3.21   Configure and verify EIGRP load balancing
  • 3.21.a Equal cost
  • 3.21.b Unequal cost
  • 3.22 Describe and optimize EIGRP metrics

  • 3.23   Configure and verify EIGRP for IPv6

  • 3.24   Describe OSPF packet types

  • 3.25   Configure and verify OSPF neighbor relationship and authentication



  •  
  •  
  • 3.26   Configure and verify network types, area types, and router types
  • 3.26.a Point-to-point, multipoint, broadcast, nonbroadcast
  • 3.26.b LSA types, area type: backbone, normal, transit, stub, NSSA, totally stub
  • 3.26.c Internal router, backbone router, ABR, ASBR
  • 3.26.d Virtual link

  • 3.27   Configure and verify OSPF path preference

  • 3.28   Configure and verify OSPF operations

  • 3.29   Configure and verify OSPF for IPv6

  • 3.30   Describe, configure, and verify BGP peer relationships and authentication
  • 3.30.a Peer group
  • 3.30.b Active, passive
  • 3.30.c States and timers

  • 3.31   Configure and verify eBGP (IPv4 and IPv6 address families)

  • 3.31.a eBGP
  • 3.31.b 4-byte AS number
  • 3.31.c Private AS

  • 3.32   Explain BGP attributes and best-path selection
第四章

VPN Technologies

  • 4.1   Configure and verify GRE
  • 4.2   Describe DMVPN (single hub)
  • 4.3   Describe Easy Virtual Networking (EVN)
第五章

Infrastructure Security

  • 5.1   Describe IOS AAA using local database

  • 5.2   Describe device security using IOS AAA with TACACS+ and RADIUS
  • 5.2.a AAA with TACACS+ and RADIUS
  • 5.2.b Local privilege authorization fallback

  • 5.3   Configure and verify device access control
  • 5.3.a Lines (VTY, AUX, console)
  • 5.3.b Management plane protection
  • 5.3.c Password encryption

  • 5.4   Configure and verify router security features
  • 5.4.a IPv4 access control lists (standard, extended, time- based)
  • 5.4.b IPv6 traffic filter
  • 5.4.c Unicast reverse path forwarding
第六章

Infrastructure Services

  • 6.1   Configure and verify device management
  • 6.1.a Console and VTY
  • 6.1.b Telnet, HTTP, HTTPS, SSH, SCP
  • 6.1.c (T)FTP

  • 6.2   Configure and verify SNMP
  • 6.2.a v2
  • 6.2.b v3

  • 6.3   Configure and verify logging
  • 6.3.a Local logging, syslog, debugs, conditional debugs
  • 6.3.b Timestamps

  • 6.4   Configure and verify Network Time Protocol (NTP)
  • 6.4.a NTP master, client, version 3, version 4
  • 6.4.b NTP authentication

  • 6.5   Configure and verify IPv4 and IPv6 DHCP
  • 6.5.a DHCP client, IOS DHCP server, DHCP relay
  • 6.5.b DHCP options (describe)

  • 6.6   Configure and verify IPv4 Network Address Translation (NAT)
  • 6.6.a Static NAT, dynamic NAT, PAT

  • 6.7   Describe IPv6 NAT
  • 6.7.a NAT64
  • 6.7.b NPTv6

  • 6.8   Describe SLA architecture
  • 6.9   Configure and verify IP SLA
  • 6.9.a ICMP

  • 6.10   Configure and verify tracking objects
  • 6.10.a Tracking objects
  • 6.10.b Tracking different entities (for example, interfaces, IPSLA results)

  • 6.11    Configure and verify Cisco NetFlow
  • 6.11.a NetFlow v5, v9
  • 6.11.b Local retrieval
  • 6.11.c Export (configuration only)
考试项目:实施Cisco IP交换网络 (SWITCH 300-115)

考试说明:实施Cisco IP交换网络(SWITCH 300-115) 获得思科CCNP和CCDP认证需要通过的一项考试。考 试时间为120分钟,包括45-55道考题。SWITCH 300-115考试证明通过的考生具备网络交换的知识和技 能。他们有能力使用思科企业架构来设计、配置和验证企业网络交换解决方案的实施。 SWITCH考试还涵盖了高度安全集成的VLAN和WLANs技术。 以下是实施Cisco IP交换网络(SWITCH 300-115)考试的的主要内容和考点。然而,在考试的特定版本 中也可能出现其他相关的考点。为了更好地反映考试内容并明确考试目的,下面的考试大纲可能在不 发出通知的情况下随时调整。

章节目录 课程目录
第一章

Layer 2 Technologies

  • 1.1   Configure and verify switch administration
  • 1.1.a SDM templates
  • 1.1.b Managing MAC address table
  • 1.1.c Troubleshoot Err-disable recovery

  • 1.2   Configure and verify Layer 2 protocols
  • 1.2.a CDP, LLDP
  • 1.2.b UDLD

  • 1.3   Configure and verify VLANs
  • 1.3.a Access ports
  • 1.3.b VLAN database
  • 1.3.c Normal, extended VLAN, voice VLAN
  • 1.4   Configure and verify trunking
  • 1.4.a VTPv1, VTPv2, VTPv3, VTP pruning
  • 1.4.b dot1Q
  • 1.4.c Native VLAN
  • 1.4.d Manual pruning

  • 1.5   Configure and verify EtherChannels
  • 1.5.a LACP, PAgP, manual
  • 1.5.b Layer 2, Layer 3
  • 1.5.c Load balancing
  • 1.5.d EtherChannel misconfiguration guard

  • 1.6   Configure and verify spanning tree
  • 1.6.a PVST+, RPVST+, MST
  • 1.6.b Switch priority, port priority, path cost, STP timers
  • 1.6.c PortFast, BPDUguard, BPDUfilter
  • 1.6.d Loopguard and Rootguard

  • 1.7   Configure and verify other LAN switching technologies
  • 1.7.a SPAN, RSPAN

  • 1.8   Describe chassis virtualization and aggregation technologies
  • 1.8.a Stackwise
第二章

Infrastructure Security

  • 2.1   Configure and verify switch security features
  • 2.1.a DHCP snooping
  • 2.1.b IP Source Guard
  • 2.1.c Dynamic ARP inspection
  • 2.1.d Port security
  • 2.1.e Private VLAN
  • 2.1.f Storm control

  • 2.2   Describe device security using Cisco IOS AAA with TACACS+ and RADIUS
  • 2.2.a AAA with TACACS+ and RADIUS
  • 2.2.b Local privilege authorization fallback
第三章

Infrastructure Services

  • 3.1   Configure and verify first-hop redundancy protocols
  • 3.1.a HSRP
  • 3.1.b VRRP
  • 3.1.c GLBP
考试项目:故障排除并维护Cisco IP网络(300-135 )

考试说明:TSHOOT 300-135考试证明通过的考生具备这些知识和技能:设计和实施适用于复合型企业路 由交换网络的定期维护;使用基于技术性实践和系统性的ITIL兼容方式来进行网络故障排除。
准备参加考试的考生必须注意:虽然此考试的官方先决条件是获得CCNA路由交换认证,您还需要掌握 路由(300-101)和交换(300-115)考试中涵盖的知识和考点以便通过考试。
以下是故障排除并维护Cisco IP网络v2(300-135)考试的的主要内容和考点。然而,在考试的特定版本 中也可能出现其他相关的考点为了更好地反映考试内容并明确考试目的,下面的考试大纲可能在不发 出通知的情况下随时调整。

章节目录 课程目录
第一章

Network Principles

  • 1.1   Use Cisco IOS troubleshooting tools
  • 1.1.a Debug, conditional debug
  • 1.1.b Ping and trace route with extended options

  • 1.2   Apply troubleshooting methodologies
  • 1.2.a Diagnose the root cause of networking issues (analyze symptoms, identify and describe root cause)
  • 1.2.b Design and implement valid solutions
  • 1.2.c Verify and monitor resolution
第二章

Technologies

  • 2.1   Troubleshoot switch administration
  • 2.1.a SDM templates
  • 2.1.b Managing MAC address table
  • 2.1.c Troubleshoot Err-disable recovery

  • 2.2   Troubleshoot Layer 2 protocols
  • 2.2.a CDP, LLDP
  • 2.2.b UDLD

  • 2.3   Troubleshoot VLANs
  • 2.3.a Access ports
  • 2.3.b VLAN database
  • 2.3.c Normal, extended VLAN, voice VLAN

  • 2.4   Troubleshoot trunking
  • 2.4.a VTPv1, VTPv2, VTPv3, VTP pruning
  • 2.4.b dot1Q
  • 2.4.c Native VLAN
  • 2.4.d Manual pruning

  • 2.5   Troubleshoot EtherChannels
  • 2.5.a LACP, PAgP, manual
  • 2.5.b Layer 2, Layer 3
  • 2.5.c Load balancing
  • 2.5.d EtherChannel misconfiguration guard
  • 2.6   Troubleshoot spanning tree
  • 2.6.a PVST+, RPVST +, MST
  • 2.6.b Switch priority, port priority, path cost, STP timers
  • 2.6.c PortFast, BPDUguard, BPDUfilter
  • 2.6.d Loopguard, Rootguard

  • 2.7   Troubleshoot other LAN switching technologies
  • 2.7.a SPAN, RSPAN

  • 2.8   Troubleshoot chassis virtualization and aggregation technologies
  • 2.8.a Stackwise
第三章

Layer 3 Technologies

  • 3.1   Troubleshoot IPv4 addressing and subnetting
  • 3.1.a Address types (Unicast, broadcast, multicast, and VLSM)
  • 3.1.b ARP
  • 3.1.c DHCP relay and server
  • 3.1.d DHCP protocol operations

  • 3.2   Troubleshoot IPv6 addressing and subnetting
  • 3.2.a Unicast
  • 3.2.b EUI-64
  • 3.2.c ND, RS/RA
  • 3.2.d Autoconfig (SLAAC)
  • 3.2.e DHCP relay and server
  • 3.2.f DHCP protocol operations

  • 3.3  Troubleshoot static routing

  • 3.4   Troubleshoot default routing

  • 3.5   Troubleshoot administrative distance

  • 3.6   Troubleshoot passive interfaces

  • 3.7   Troubleshoot VRF lite

  • 3.8   Troubleshoot filtering with any protocol

  • 3.9   Troubleshoot between any routing protocols or routing sources

  • 3.10   Troubleshoot manual and autosummarization with any routing protocol
  • 3.11   Troubleshoot policy-based routing

  • 3.12   Troubleshoot suboptimal routing

  • 3.13   Troubleshoot loop prevention mechanisms
  • 3.13.a Route tagging, filtering
  • 3.13.b Split-horizon
  • 3.13.c Route poisoning

  • 3.14   Troubleshoot RIPv2

  • 3.15   Troubleshoot EIGRP neighbor relationship and authentication

  • 3.16   Troubleshoot loop free path selection
  • 3.16.a RD, FD, FC, successor, feasible successor

  • 3.17   Troubleshoot EIGPR operations
  • 3.17.a Stuck in active

  • 3.18   Troubleshoot EIGRP stubs

  • 3.19   Troubleshoot EIGRP load balancing
  • 3.19.a Equal cost
  • 3.19.b Unequal cost

  • 3.20   Troubleshoot EIGRP metrics

  • 3.21   Troubleshoot EIGRP for IPv6



  •  
  •  
  • 3.22   Troubleshoot OSPF neighbor relationship and authentication

  • 3.23   Troubleshoot network types, area types, and router types
  • 3.23.a Point-to-point, multipoint, broadcast, nonbroadcast
  • 3.23.b LSA types, area type: backbone, normal, transit, stub, NSSA, totally stub
  • 3.23.c Internal router, backbone router, ABR, ASBR
  • 3.23.d Virtual link

  • 3.24   Troubleshoot OSPF path preference

  • 3.25   Troubleshoot OSPF operations

  • 3.26   Troubleshoot OSPF for IPv6

  • 3.27   Troubleshoot BGP peer relationships and authentication
  • 3.27.a Peer group
  • 3.27.b Active, passive
  • 3.27.c States and timers

  • 3.28   Troubleshoot eBGP
  • 3.28.a eBGP
  • 3.28.b 4-byte AS number
  • 3.28.c Private AS
第四章

VPN Technologies

  • 4.1   Troubleshoot GRE
第五章

Infrastructure Security

  • 5.1   Troubleshoot IOS AAA using local database

  • 5.2   Troubleshoot device access control
  • 5.2.a Lines (VTY, AUX, console)
  • 5.2.b Management plane protection
  • 5.2.c Password encryption

  • 5.3   Troubleshoot router security features
  • 5.3.a IPv4 access control lists (standard, extended, time-based)
  • 5.3.b IPv6 traffic filter
  • 5.3.c Unicast reverse path forwarding
第六章

Infrastructure Services

  • 6.1   Troubleshoot device management
  • 6.1.a Console and VTY
  • 6.1.b Telnet, HTTP, HTTPS, SSH, SCP
  • 6.1.c (T) FTP

  • 6.2   Troubleshoot SNMP
  • 6.2.a v2
  • 6.2.b v3

  • 6.3   Troubleshoot logging
  • 6.3.a Local logging, syslog, debugs, conditional debugs
  • 6.3.b Timestamps



  •  
  •  
  • 6.4   Troubleshoot Network Time Protocol(NTP)
  • 6.4.a NTP master, client, version 3, version 4
  • 6.4.b NTP authentication

  • 6.5   Troubleshoot IPv4 and IPv6 DHCP
  • 6.5.a DHCP client, IOS DHCP server, DHCP relay
  • 6.5.b DHCP options (describe)

  • 6.6   Troubleshoot IPv4 Network Address Translation (NAT)



  •  
  •  
  • 6.6.a Static NAT, Dynamic NAT, PAT

  • 6.7   Troubleshoot SLA architecture

  • 6.8   Troubleshoot tracking objects
  • 6.8.a Tracking objects
  • 6.8.b Tracking different entities (for example, interfaces, IPSLA results)

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